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The Region

The Guadiana River and character marked border economic, social and cultural development of the region of Olivenza. The nearly 50 km natural border that draws water course with Alentejo land, have led their people have been involved in ongoing territorial disputes that have lasted for centuries, but also favored the settlement of various cultures, accumulating a vast artistic heritage with some unique characters, to consolidate its own culture marked by miscegenation, and the growth of a robust economic activity in which the water has a high specific gravity, not only in the primary sector, but also in the tourist

Located southwest of Extremadura, cute Olivenza north with the municipality of Badajoz, northeast and east with the regions of Tierra de Barros and Zafra Bodión River to the south and southeast by the Countryside south and west by the Portuguese region of Alentejo. It consists of 11 municipalities: Alconchel, Almendral, Barcarrota, Chels, Higuera de Vargas, Nogales, Olivenza, Táliga, Torre de Miguel Sesmero, Valverde de Leganes and Villanueva del Fresno;-six districts all dependent on Olivenza: St. Benedicts Strife, San Francisco de Olivenza, San Jorge de Alor, San Rafael de Olivenza, Santo Domingo de Guzman and Villarreal.

The abundance of water, fertile soil and abundant fauna are some of the factors that have led to these lands have been inhabited since ancient times by various cultures that have been forged his character. From the first prehistoric tribes, all these people have left traces of their passage: Celts, Romans, Visigoths, Arabs and Portuguese. This succession of inhabitants has grown a vast historical legacy that today can boast the Shire. A mosaic of buildings that portray a detailed tour of the main cultures that have passed through the Iberian Peninsula, and architectural styles that have happened in history.

In these lands can be seen dolmens, menhirs and recorded prehistoric and Roman remains Visigoths; walls and defensive castles, from the Middle Ages, many religious buildings in a wide variety of eras, stately homes, bridges, fountains filled with tradition and witnesses relations between neighbors for centuries, richly detailed architecture as the forging of the grates, fireplaces Lusitanian-influenced or influence balconies, Andalusian white houses of humble farmers to store the crop doubled and blind for entrance door and animal output, straight streets and villages full of light. Mudejar, Gothic, Renaissance, Neoclassical and, of course, the Manueline, are some of the styles that can be seen in the buildings of the district.

But as mentioned, the boundary condition is the one that has exerted more influence. Although the constant struggles, plundered people, sovereignty changes, transfers from urban to improve defensive conditions ... labeled for years the development of the region, disputes aside, the proximity has meant that over the years it has established a symbiotic relationship with the Portuguese people that has allowed the region of Olivenza has reached a character, singular , which lusas influences are clear in the architecture, customs, folklore, gastronomy, oral expressions ...

If the historical and cultural legacy of the region is remarkable, not least is the natural heritage. The limited industrial development driven by an economy traditionally based on the primary sector, has preserved the middle and much of the existing biodiversity. Their lands form a beautiful mosaic of ecosystems, and that while the meadow with oak trees is the habitat that characterizes landscapes can also bank furrow around the many waterways, cereal plains and in the mountains of Alor , and Mary Andres Monsalud large areas of Mediterranean forest.

The natural wealth of the region is tangible in the large existing biodiversity as they are numerous plant species including the unique pink Alexandria, and fauna that dwell their fields, which has led to much of the territory count on figure some natural protection (LIC, SPA or Ecological Corridor and Biodiversity).


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Historical Heritage

of the region of Olivenza

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Natural routes

of the region of Olivenza

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Museums and I.C.   

of the region of Olivenza

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Virtual Tours

of the region of Olivenza

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LEADER
FEDER
Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente
 Consejería de Agricultura, Desarrollo Rural, Medio Ambiente y Energía